大家好！ (Hi, everyone!) Welcome to the latest Mandarin Weekly, with yet more links and information for those of us learning Chinese.
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Du Chinese released
A new app, Du Chinese, has been released for Android; (it was previously available for iOS), and is meant to help you read Chinese more easily.
Asian country names
Planning to go to Asia? If so, then you can brush up on the Chinese names for countries in Asia, using this helpful list from Transparent Language:
Harps and cows
Trying to explain something complex, and the listener isn’t quite getting it? There’s a great Chinese saying that describes this situation:
How do you use the common pattern 因为。。。所以 (yīn wèi … suǒ yǐ) to describe a reason and a consequence?
Both this … and that
How can you say that something is “both X and Y” in Chinese? You use 又。。。又 (yòu…yòu), as demonstrated in numerous sample sentences:
Remembering witih mneumonics
Trying to remember your characters? One method is mneumonics, in which you make associations between the characters and something you can remember. How helpful is it, and what techniques can you use to put this method to use?
Freezing to death
If you’re really cold, then you might say you’re “freezing to death,” or that it’s “deathly freezing.” Chinese has a similar expression, as described here by Rita from DigMandarin:
Many of us use flashcards to practice our reading. But what are some good strategies for using flashcards? Olie Linge provides some insights:
So you’re going to China, and you need to learn some basic, “survival” Chinese before your trip? In this new video series, Alison Lau introduces some basic vocabulary that might be of use.
If you’re more advanced, then Alison (from the aforementioned videos) also offers some HSK4-level vocabulary, taking it apart and describing words and phrases.
Watching variety shows
Watching Chinese TV is a great way to improve your listening and vocabulary. What can you watch, though? One option is variety shows; in this post from Du Chinese, you can learn about some variety shows — both their names, and what they include.
Chinese character bites
Chris, from Fluent in Mandarin, is back with a variety of “Chinese character bites”, with the characters 会 (huì), 生(shēng),and 以 (yǐ):
Brush your teeth
The latest video from LearnChineseNow tells us not only how to brush our teeth in Chinese, but the words we’ll need around that activity:
Order a pizza!
Want to order pizza? Great, but can you do that in Chinese? This listening practice from ChineseClass101.com will provide you with the practice you need to get the pizza delivered:
Confucius, the famous ancient Chinese scholar, is known for many sayings. Here, from Hollie at Written Chinese, are a few of them:
Not feeling well?
How can you describe feeling ill in Chinese? And different types of feeling unwell? LearnChineseNow has a video which will tell you how to describe your current state of affairs.
10 favorite words
Yuting from ChineseClass101 introduces 10 words that students have said are their favorites. Do you know all of these?
Talking to the mountain
A short story, offering listening and reading practice, about a boy and a mountain:
Emma, from ChineseWithEmma, has bought a new Apple watch. She opens the box and starts it up, describing her experience in Chinese. Perhaps not the biggest drama around, but cetainly good listening practice for Chinese-learning nerds!
Fun signs in China
If you have ever visited China, then you know that the English translations on the signs can be … challenged. (When I was in Shanghai last week, I enjoyed the sign in the subway telling visitors not to “pop off your heads” on the escalator. Here are some signs; how many can you read in Chinese, and then better understand the mistakes?
What does the neutral tone sound like?
When we learn Chinese, we learn about the fourth tone… and then we learn about the fifth tone, which isn’t a tone, or is called the “neutral” tone. What is it, and how does it sound?
Guessing the meaning
If you encounter a new word in Chinese, how can you guess its meaning?
Oohs and aahs
How often are “oh” (哦) and “ah” (啊) used in conversational Chinese? And what do they mean?
Don’t do that!
How do you indicate that something shouldn’t be done? You can use either 别 (bié) or 不要 (bú yào), but what is the difference between them?
Most of the time
How do you indicate that “most of the time,” something is true?
Non-phonetic place names
Most place names in Chinese reflect the pronunciation of the place. But in some cases, the Chinese name for the location has to do with the meaning, or some other aspect. A fascinating discussion:
Genderless, singular “they”
English doesn’t have a single word that reflects the idea of “he or she.” Actually, it turns out that we do; the pronoun “they” has now been given official status as a generless, singular pronoun. Does Chinese have a similar word? Or do we just reuse the existing pronouns?
Choosing a Chinese name
At some point, most students of Chinese will choose a Chinese name. But what should you choose, and who should help you? What considerations should you keep in mind when choosing a name?
If you’re called a “Laowai,” is that bad?
The term 老外 （lǎo wài) refers to foreigners in China. Is it disrespectful or bad?